Since the dawn of the ‘Space Age’ the use of outer space occupied a range of policy areas, with the multifaceted political dimensions of the use of space becoming evident. The term ‘Space Race’ not only signified the competition of the two superpowers during the Cold War, but also developed into a distinct area of international relations -that of space policy- with broadly conceived diplomatic efforts leading to international regulation. The inherent dual-use character of space activities led to a dominance of space utilization as a crucial security factor. During the past six decades, space policy has been unfolding on this undertone. With the growth of more and more specific uses of outer space and the international proliferation of space technologies, leading to more than 70 countries owning their satellites as of today, the complexity of space policy is growing accordingly.