After facing the test of time, art. VII of the Outer Space Treaty and the corresponding provisions of the Liability Convention are currently facing a series of emerging challenges. The existing technological advancements facilitate the use of artificial intelligence (AI) alongside human decision-making. Nevertheless, the latest research indicate that autonomy of space objects is becoming a top priority and with this, the role of human control is slowly decreasing. Moreover, some future missions, such as deep space missions, will only be possible in the absence of human control. In such context, a stringent topic is related to liability, specifically “quo vadis space liability?” Who will be liable in case a damage is caused by a space object equipped with advanced AI capabilities? Are the existing provisions of international space law sufficient to cover the technological disruption caused by AI systems?