by Prof. Dr. Setsuko Aoki

Private space activities shall require authorization and continuing supervision by its national government as provided in Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty. The scope of “space activities” and that of national jurisdiction exercised over such activities depend on individual national space laws. Majority of States ascertain national jurisdiction over space activities carried out from territory under their jurisdiction and elsewhere by their citizens and juridical persons of their nationality. However, some States exercise their jurisdiction only in their territories or to their national persons. Should a private person commit an internationally wrongful act in carrying out its space activity, its national State is internationally responsible irrespective of the contents of the national space law concerned.  (Setsuko Aoki)


of Space Activities